Web Desk. The main purpose of NASA’s mission to Mars is to find evidence of life there. But it is also being used for other scientific experiments.
On April 20, Perseverance collected carbon dioxide from the atmosphere of Mars and converted it into breathable oxygen. Announcing this, NASA said in a statement that there is an instrument (called Mars Oxygen) installed in the perimeter that was used for this experiment.
This toaster-sized tool enabled the separation of oxygen atoms from carbon dioxide molecules for this mission, for which carbon monoxide was prepared by heating the gas to about 1470 degrees Fahrenheit.
The instrument’s first experiment produced 5 grams of oxygen, allowing an astronaut to breathe for 10 minutes in a spacesuit. According to NASA, the success of the experiment has opened up new avenues for future missions, especially missions in which humans will be sent to Mars in rockets, where they will need oxygen.
For example, a rocket carrying 4 humans to Mars would need to send 55,000 pounds of oxygen, but it is not possible to send such a large amount of oxygen to Mars. That’s why this new technology will make it easier to find the Red Planet for future missions.
This is the first time that oxygen has been produced somewhere outside of Earth, while a helicopter has already been flown out of Earth for the first time. It should be noted that this NASA rover robot will search for traces of microbial life on the red planet.
Landing on Mars was the most dangerous project of the $2.7 billion and 2-year effort, the main purpose of which is to dig into the possible traces of microbes that existed on Mars 3 billion years ago when the fourth planet in the solar system was warmer than the sun, moist and potentially conducive to life.
Scientists believe to find life patterns from this ancient site, and the Perseverance is designed to discover rocks from Mars so that they can be analyzed on Earth in the future. Which will be the first samples collected by humans from another planet.