The State Department’s annual human rights report identifies illegal, extrajudicial killings and disappearances, a key issue for both India and Pakistan.
According to the Dawn newspaper, the report, which covers the events of 2020, sheds light on 32 extrajudicial killings in Indian-occupied Jammu and Kashmir in the first half of 2020.
The statistics show that 63 civilians, 89 security forces personnel, and 284 insurgents were killed across India as a result of insurgent attacks.
The US official report also cited a report by the Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS) which said that 229 deaths had been reported in 107 cases in the first six months of the year.
According to the report JKCCS has also reported 32 extrajudicial killings in Jammu and Kashmir in the first 6 months of the year.
The U.S. report stated Indian authorities had allowed limited access to detainees, while some families claimed that authorities denied access to relatives, especially in resistance areas, including occupied Jammu and Kashmir.
The report points out that the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) has received and investigated complaints from detainees regarding human rights violations throughout the year. Representatives believe that very few inmates have lodged complaints about fear of reprisals by prison guards or officials.
The report added that after New Delhi revoked a special constitutional status granting Jammu and Kashmir sovereignty in August 2019, Indian authorities sought public protection to detain local politicians without trial. The released persons were required to sign an agreement not to engage in political activities.
The US report states that the Public Safety Act (PSA), which applies only to occupied Jammu and Kashmir, allows authorities to detain detainees for up to two years without meeting their families without any charges.
According to the report, cases of violence and cruelty, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment are common in both India and Pakistan.
The Pakistan chapter mentions “threats of violence, arbitrary arrests or lawsuits against journalists, use of unfounded laws to prosecute social media speeches and censorship and block websites.”
In Pakistan, individual cases have been investigated and prosecuted, but due to their implementation, lack of trained police officers, and pressure on the judiciary, fewer cases have been convicted.