Why do people often get a slight electric shock when they touch something?

Have you ever experienced a mild electric shock at the touch of an individual or an ordinary object? Actually, this happens to many people but what is the reason, have you know?

The reasons behind this shock are quite interesting.

Everything around us is made up of atoms, including the human body. These atoms are a combination of protons, electrons, and neutrons. All of these have a positive, negative, or neutral charge, respectively.

Although the number of these three particles in the atom is balanced, the electrons travel from one place to another all the time. That is, they can move from furniture to our clothes and give a light electric shock to another person when they shake hands from there.

When there is no balance between electrons and protons, there is an imbalance between negative and positive energy, which scientists call ”Static Electricity”.

For example, if you rub a balloon on your hair, you are accumulating more electrons. Shortly afterward, a positively charged object, such as a metal object or anything made of conductive material, can cause a slight electric shock.

These are the electrons that are trying to restore balance as they move from one place to another. This experience can be more in cold weather or in places where the weather is dry and cold. Because more moisture in the air acts as a natural conductor and prevents such mild electric shocks.


In contrast, low humidity can often cause electric shocks when touching certain objects. Most people know that metal objects act as primary conductors of electricity, so they are more likely to have such experience.

However, polyester, such as fiber is more likely to have such an experience, as polyester is used in a number of everyday items such as furniture and apparel.


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